Cervical Cancer

Cervical Cancer

Cervical Cancer is one of the most common cancers found in women, second only to the cancer of the breast

What is Cervical Cancer?

Cervical cancer is a cancer of the uterine cervix. In common terms, it is the cancer of the exterior part of the womb.

How does it occur?

Cancer of the cervix occurs due to infection with the HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) group of viruses. While most of these infections do not cause any harm, a select few cause genital warts and cancer.

How is this virus transmitted?

The HPV is transmitted by sexual intercourse.

What are the symptoms of cervical cancer?

Unfortunately, symptoms occur very late in the disease and cancer is usually detected at advanced stages. The symptoms include:

1)      Irregular & heavy bleeding

2)      Bleeding after intercourse

3)      Painful intercourse

4)      Blood spotting between periods or after menopause

5)      Pain during pelvic examination

Can cervical cancer be cured?

Yes. Cervical cancer can be cured provided it is detected at an early stage. The only way of detecting cervical cancer at an early stage is by Pap smear test.

What is the Pap smear test?

A Pap smear test is a test where cells from the cervix are taken onto a slide and examined under a microscope to look for cancer cells. It is a non invasive procedure, absolutely safe and Painless test.

What are the different types of Pap smear tests?

There are two types of Pap smear tests: Conventional and liquid based. Liquid based tests have a highe detection rate and lower repeat rate as compared to conventional pap test.

How can cervical cancer be prevented?

Cervical cancer can be prevented either by doing a pap smear where it can be picked up before cancer has started, or by Vaccination against HPV.